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Augustine (354–430)

Along with Paul and Thomas Aquinas, Augustine is one of the most groundbreaking and influential figures in the history of Christianity and in Western philosophy and politics. His works intertwined Christianity and Platonism and offered original, creative insights into the relations of reason and faith and of works and grace as well as the doctrine of original sin. He also presents a compelling figure of a converted sinner who struggles with temptations as he comes to live an exemplary Christian life. Augustine's importance is so paramount that the early-modern theological battles waged during the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation can be viewed as (in part) a battle over whose would be the definitive interpretation of Augustine's thought.

Aurelius Augustinus lived from 354 to 430, almost entirely ...

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