Mexico is characterized by a historical paradox. It is a North American country with a large Catholic majority known for the vitality of its popular religiosity and a powerful Catholic Church, which has profoundly penetrated the social and private lives of the population. At the same time, Mexico is a Latin American nation that has undergone the most radical process of laicism and of separation of church and state.

Spanish Colonization and Evangelization

The historical process of the development of Mexican Catholicism, which is rooted in the Spanish colonization, explains the paradox. The Catholic Church was one of the pillars of the colonial order, from the 16th century to the beginning of the 19th century, and expanded during this period with the evangelization of the indigenous peoples ...

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