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Luxembourg, a small western European country bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany, counted around 500,000 inhabitants in 2010, of whom 43% are foreigners. Most of the migrants have come from European Union (EU) nations, chiefly from Portugal but also from Italy, France, and Belgium, and therefore are mostly of Roman Catholic origin.

According to the European Values Study (EVS) of 2008, 75% of the populace declare themselves as belonging to a religion: 69% Catholic, around 2% Protestant, 2% other Christian religions, and around 2.5% non-Christian religions. One out of four inhabitants declares not belonging to any religion.

Relationships between the state and religions are organized by bilateral agreements signed between the state and official representatives of most of the religious bodies. This model of relationship is ...

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