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Liberation theology (LT) is a philosophical and theological movement that originated at the end of the 1960s and reached the height of activity in Latin America during the following two decades. It has had a huge influence in galvanizing liberationist movements generally, such as Black liberation theology and radical feminist theology, although here attention is given to its earlier and more formative phase in the Latin American context. In Latin America, the movement was principally confined to the Catholic Church, although it included a Protestant minority. The most important representatives include the Peruvian Gustavo Gutierrez, the Uruguayan Juan Luis Segundo, the Brazilians Hugo Assmann and Leonardo Boff, the Argentinean Enrique Dussel, the Chilean Pablo Richard, and the Spanish missionary from San Salvador, Jon Sobrino. These ...

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