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King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)

Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, where his father was the pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church. King earned his bachelor of arts degree from Morehouse College, his bachelor of divinity degree from Crozer Theological Seminary, and his doctorate of philosophy from Boston University. King spent his adult life as a Baptist pastor and highly influential civil rights leader. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.

King is recognized nationally and internationally for his work as a leader in the U.S. civil rights movement and for his advocacy of nonviolence. He was instrumental in organizing nonviolent boycotts, direct-action protests, sit-ins, and marches against racial segregation and discrimination. King framed racial segregation and racism as sinful and immoral, and ...

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