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Since 1991, following the dissolution of the former Soviet Union, the central Asian country of Kazakhstan has undergone significant growth in religious institutions and in people's religious consciousness. The number of largely Muslim religious communities has increased, and many religious facilities have been built. From the mid-1980s, the number of declared believers has increased more than twofold: from 20%–25% to 60%–65%. Muslims and Orthodox Christians together constitute more than 90% of all religious adherents. According to the national census of 2009, the population of Kazakhstan is 16,004,800. More than 70% are Muslims, 26% are Christians, 2.8% are atheists, and 1.2% of the population have other religious views. (The first census, in 1999, did not ask about religious beliefs.)

Of the religious communities in Kazakhstan, 2,488 are ...

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