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Jurema of the Brazilian North

Jurema relates to certain indigenous spiritual practices of Afro-Brazilian people. In Brazil, the word jurema has the following meanings:

  • Bushes thought sacred by indigenous populations and caboclas (mestiças, people of mixed European and indigenous Indian ancestry), mainly in the northeast: the Mimosa hostilis Benth [black jurema] and the Mimosa verrucosa Benth [white jurema])
  • A drink prepared with the bark and leaves of the plant, with hallucinogenic properties, ritually consumed
  • Religious and therapeutic manifestations (toré, catimbó) that integrate elements of indigenous culture, popular Catholicism, and Afro-Brazilian religions, where mediums enter into a trance, mainly with masters (old curers) and caboclos (Indians, representatives of the first habitants of Brazil)
  • Spiritual entities that live in jurema (the plant) or where it grows: “jurema people”
  • Feminine spiritual entity represented ...
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