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Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiyah (JI; lit. “Islamic Community”) is a radical Islamic movement based in Indonesia with the goal of establishing an Islamic state uniting Muslims in Southeast Asia under an Islamic caliphate. JI emerged in the late 1970s as networks behind the Darul Islam rebellions of the 1950s and 1960s were revived. The Indonesian military initially cultivated relations with movement leaders to broaden support for the ruling party as well as build a bulwark against communism after the fall of Saigon. Those leaders who could not co-opt were arrested and accused of involvement in a dubious extremist organization known as Komando Jihad. Abu Bakar Ba'asyir and Abdullah Sungkar were identified as key leaders of Komando Jihad. They were also founders in 1971 of Pesantren al-Mukmin, later ...

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