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The state of Israel was born on May 14, 1948, when the British Mandate on Palestine was terminated and political authority was transferred to a new Israeli government. Britain had been granted authority over the Palestinian region in the Middle East by the League of Nations in the aftermath of World War I and commenced its term as the governing power in September 1923. In the quartercentury of the mandatory regime, the Jewish population in Palestine grew due to consistent waves of immigration since the late 19th century to 650,000. During that period, which is called the Yishuv (Hebrew for “settlement”) in the Israeli historical chronology, the infrastructure for the future independent state had been built. It had a functioning government (Va'ad Leumi) and a ...

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