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Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation and the largest Muslim country in the world. Of the 245 million Indonesians (2008 figure) an estimated 86% or 211 million are Muslims, 6% Protestants, 3% Roman Catholics, 2% Hindus, and 3% other or nonspecified. There are about as many Muslims in Indonesia as in all Arab countries together. Most of the Muslims in Indonesia are Sunnīs. Indonesia has up to now resisted the introduction of Shari'a legislation, at least at the national level. State and religion are separated. This is enshrined in the constitution of 1945, and it also forms the basis of the national ideology known as Pancasila. The Indonesian national motto is Bhinneka tunggal ika, or “Unity in diversity.” The census of 2000 determined that ...

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