• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

The Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus (IURD) is a Latin American Pentecostal Christian movement (founded in 1977 by Edir Macedo) that by 2010 had more than 6 million adherents in most parts of the world. It is similar to some neo-Pentecostal churches in the sense that it is more interested in alleviating current human problems (e.g., poverty, unemployment, hunger, and illness) than in effecting the salvation of sinners, spiritual conversion, and moral purification. Demons and evil spirits, not the people themselves, are considered responsible for sins and crime. They are believed to possess human beings, who then become evildoers or get sick. They have to be exorcized by pastors because only they have the spiritual power for this task. This operation, however, comes ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles