Argentina is a Latin American country with a population of 40 million inhabitants distributed throughout a large territory, about 90% of whom live in cities. Most of the people are Catholic. Catholicism in Argentina is a wide social fact, not confined to the religious sphere. In the 16th century, the Spanish Conquest imposed a model of “Christianity” on the Argentinean territory. Catholicism became the monopolistic culture, not only subordinating those of Native Americans and African slaves but also excluding them from the public sphere altogether. Catholic culture established deep roots in Argentina, persisting postindependence, through liberal times, and well into the mid-20th century. However, modern Argentinean Catholicism is not the result of a parish civilization. It has been historically marked by the significance of urban ...

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