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The Gulen movement is an Islamic religious/civic movement begun in Turkey in the 1960s by Fethullah Gulen, a scholar, preacher, and imam. The movement has spread worldwide to virtually every country. It is one of the many Nur movements that were inspired by the teachings of Said Nursi, an Islamic preacher who taught that Muslims should not reject modernity but engage with it. After being part of Nursi reading circles in his youth, Gulen as an imam in Izmir began preaching the necessity of educating Turkish youth both in the principles of living a faithful Islamic life while being educated in the natural and social sciences and in modern technologies.

In the early 1980s, encouraged by the neoliberal policies of President Ozal, Gulen and his supporters ...

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