One of the smallest and poorest West African nations, Guinea-Bissau is the only former Portuguese colony without Christianity as its majority religion. The majority of the population practice traditional, indigenous religion, while Islam also has a very strong presence in this country. Some sources assert that Islam has become the majority religion, but a lack of authoritative statistics makes that claim questionable; what is certain is that Muslim communities have increased dramatically during the end of the 20th century and continue to grow into the 21st century, mostly through the Fulani and Malinké ethnic groups, which constitute approximately 30% of the population. While approximately 50% of the populace engage in traditional religion exclusively, around 45% adhere to Islam (nearly all Sunnī), with roughly 5% of ...

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