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Guam is the largest island of the Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean, which include Saipan and Tinian of World War II fame. It is located roughly 1,500 miles (1 mile = 1.609 kilometers) east of the Philippines. Presently, it is a U.S. territory, and as such there is a substantial U.S. military presence on the island. The United States is one of three foreign powers, along with Spain and, briefly Japan, to occupy Guam. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion of the indigenous Chamorro population. This is due to nearly 300 years of Spanish contact, missionization, and colonialism. Native-born Protestants make up a small minority, and there are still those who practice the traditional Chamorro religion.

The first European to set foot on the island ...

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