Granada, the capital of the southern Spanish province of the same name, is a celebrated city rich in political, cultural, and religious history. Today, its principal religion is Roman Catholicism, but Granada was once the capital of the Nasrids, the last Muslim dynasty to rule in the Iberian Peninsula. Granada was also home to a flourishing Jewish population. During the convivencia, or period of coexistence shared by Jews, Christians, and Muslims that lasted between 711 and 1492 in Andalusia (Muslim-ruled Spain and Portugal), it served as a major center of scholarship by accommodating scholars from around the world, including the medieval historian Ibn Khaldūn.

Granada is home to three UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Sites: (1) the Alhambra fortress, (2) the ...

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