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Fátima is a city in Portugal whose Catholic shrine has become one of the world's largest centers of pilgrimage, religious tourism, and Marian devotion. Although its resident population does not exceed 8,000, Fátima is visited every year by 4 million people, many of whom are walking pilgrims. Beginning with a series of apparitions of the Virgin Mary in 1917, devotion to Our Lady of Fátima has since spread worldwide and originated a network of sister shrines in several other countries, playing an important role in anticommunist and conservative Catholic movements and sensibilities. In spite of this global scope, religious practices in the shrine and along its pilgrimage paths remain largely an expression of Portuguese popular religiosity, revolving around the cure of physical and psychological ailments ...

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