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Djibouti (locally called Jumhuriyat Jibuti) is a small, recently formed East African nation located on the Horn of Africa, southeast of Eritrea and at the crossing of the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Independent from France in 1977, the Republic of Djibouti holds a strategic location in the Muslim world, as its position is adjacent to the Middle Eastern nation Yemen and at the Red Sea crossing. Approximately 94% of the country identifies as Muslim, with small percentages of foreign-born Catholics and practicing Christians, many of whom are refugees from the neighboring countries.

Before 1859, when France's interest in the area arose due to British pressure seeking control over the Red Sea, the arid, volcanic region was sparsely populated by nomadic groups, particularly the ...

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