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The largest and most populous island in the Caribbean (about 43,000 square miles and 11 million inhabitants), Cuba is a former Spanish colony, originally populated by Taino Indians. The Taino were either killed or assimilated throughout the centuries, hence there is no ethnic group claiming to be native Cubans. However, many traces of Tainos can be found in the Cuban culture, whether in some place names, such as Guanabacoa or Baracoa, some meals (red pepper soup or ajiaco) or the use of cigar (tabaco) in some African American cults such as Santería.

Roman Catholic Church

Owing to its Spanish legacy, the largest religious institution in Cuba remains the Roman Catholic Church. It is difficult to assess the actual number of regular churchgoers, but the church claims that ...

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