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Algeria, centrally located in North Africa and at the cultural crossroads of the Mediterranean, has been affected by Christianity and Islam over the course of the past 1,500 years. The area that now constitutes Algeria had been converted to Christianity during the second century CE. One of the most important and influential thinkers in the early Christian church, St. Augustine of Hippo, was born near modern-day Annaba (Hippo Regius) in 354 CE, and the ancient city of Carthage played an important role in the development of early Christianity. Over the course of the seventh to ninth centuries, the Berber population of Algeria converted/reverted to Islam. While Ibadi and Shi'a Islam were prevalent at various points during this early period of Islamization, eventually the population became ...

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