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With a population of approximately 43,500,000 people, the South American country of Colombia is home to a broad range of languages, religions, and cultural traditions. Colombian society is the result of complex historical processes that have combined native cultures with cultures from Europe, Africa, and Asia.

As a former Spanish colony, Colombia is preeminently a Catholic country. Most of its native traditions were destroyed by Christians through evangelization, carried out as a Westernization process. Spanish Christianity suppressed indigenous languages and religions in such a way that by the beginning of the 18th century, most of them had already disappeared. Some native groups survived; now, they represent just a little more than 3% of the population.

The tragedy of the rapid and massive destruction of the native population, ...

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