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The Republic of Chad is located in the north-central region of Africa, sharing borders with Sudan, the Central African Republic, Libya, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger. Most of its population is rural and concentrated in the southern region, and urban life is restricted to the capital, N'Djamena. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, and its principal source of income is its natural oil reserves. In all, 54% of the population are Muslim, while the rest are Catholic (20%), Protestant (14%), followers of traditional African religion (10%), and adherents to various other religious sects (3%).

Due to its position on the Sahelian strip, a belt of semiarid tropical savanna just south of the Saharan desert, the area that is now Chad has a long ...

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