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Cameroon, a West African country colonized by Germany in the 1880s and ceded to France and Britain following World War I, became independent from France in 1960 and from Britain in 1961. It is the only West African country with two official languages: French and English. It is located in west-central Africa, along the Atlantic coast, bordering Nigeria on the east. The surface area is 475,440 square kilometers, and the total population is estimated at around 18 million inhabitants as of July 2007. The majority of its people are of Bantu and Sudanic origins. A culturally diverse nation, Cameroon is home to more than 200 ethnic groups.

Cameroon experienced two types of colonization: first, by the Muslim Fulani, who entered the territory from the western Lake ...

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