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Bulgaria is an eastern European country that was dominated by the philosophy of secular Marxism during the Cold War but has enjoyed a religious revival in the post–Cold War period. The largest denomination in Bulgaria is the Bulgarian Orthodox Church (BOC), regarded as the “traditional” church of the Bulgarian nation. Under communism, the BOC was marginalized in society; at the same time, the authorities used it as a tool for foreign policy ends. It was thus heavily politicized as an institution, while its inner life and social witness were both disabled.

Since the end of communism, the BOC has been able to restore religious education, but it is still weak in resources and hampered by the legacy of a compromised leadership. From 1992, mainly as a ...

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