The playwright, the poet, the novelist, the memoirist, the screenwriter, and the journalist are the varieties of writers discussed in this entry. What is creativity in writing, and how is it judged? How does creativity in writing relate to creativity in general? A small number of researchers, mostly educators and psychologists, have been asking these questions. Conventionally, the “creative” writer is defined as the writer who writes poetry, fiction, plays, song lyrics, screenplays, or essays that usually don't have footnotes (except for the novels of such postmodern fiction writers as David Foster Wallace). If the writer uses footnotes and other sources, he or she is a scholarly writer but not a creative writer.

A surge in research on creativity began in the late 1940s, after World ...

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