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Transpersonal Psychology

Transpersonal is defined as extending or going beyond the personal and individual. As described in this entry, transpersonal psychology grew out of humanistic psychology, which emphasized positive psychological health and self-actualization, that is, the realization of human potential. Self-actualization is much more than self-fulfillment. Abraham H. Maslow introduced it as the ideal norm of robust mental health, contrasting it with the norms based on what is average, which he found deficient. He described the characteristics of self-actualizing individuals in rich detail. Among the most salient are the following: problem centering (focusing on problems outside oneself); autonomy and will (independence of culture and environment); the mystic experience and the peak experience; Gemeinshchaftsgefühl (a sense of fellowship with all human beings); democratic character structure (some basic respect ...

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