How do gifted, creative, or talented children and adults differ from those not so identified? What instructional, identification, or parenting strategies are most effective with gifted, creative, and talented people? These are examples of basic research questions underlying the fields of giftedness, creativity, and talent. Quantitative research methods are required to answer these and derivative research questions; and finding these answers is imperative for the development of gifted education and related areas of study.

Quantitative research, often equated with scientific research, is a mode of controlled inquiry that reduces bias and advances knowledge. Quantitative research is based on the philosophical paradigm of positivism, or more accurately, postpositivism. Postpositivism holds that truth exists although it cannot be fully known, and that we strive for probabilistic statements ...

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