Problem solving is the process of applying a complex set of thinking skills to resolve or complete a task. The ability to problem solve is thought to be the most important set of thinking skills students can learn to help them in their future lives. Problem solving involves both divergent and convergent thinking. Often linked to the literature on creativity, problem-solving skills include fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration of ideas.

To find a reasonable, viable, or acceptable solution to a problem, one must first generate many possibilities before evaluating the solutions that engage the higher-level thinking skills of synthesis, analysis, and evaluation. Curricula designed for gifted students often emphasize creativity and problem solving. The processes of problem solving can be domain specific such as in ...

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