Precocious reading occurs when very young children read in advance of their chronological-age peers. By the end of kindergarten, the typically developing child can identify letters and sounds at the beginning of a word, while the precocious reader is sounding out words and beginning to read. Typically, precocious readers are about 2 years ahead of their same-age peers on benchmarks of reading progress at the onset of formal schooling. Although the causes of precocious readers' abilities are yet undetermined, precocious reading has been defined by the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1988 as an example of giftedness, and it has been determined that these young readers require nurturing from their primary grades, teachers in order to develop their reading talent. ...

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