Precocity in mathematical ability is a well-documented phenomenon in the history of science and mathematics. The history of mathematics and the literature in gifted education indicates that mathematical precocity is a relatively rare trait in the general population and one that typically manifests at a young age. Fortunately, it can be identified via above-level testing. Such individuals' abilities develop and thrive when they are mentored early in their lives and provided affective support in addition to curricular programming appropriate for their abilities.

Mathematically Precocious Individuals

Mathematical precocity is typically found in anecdotes of child prodigies such as Blaise Pascal (1623–1666), Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855), Rowan Hamilton (1805–1865), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920), Shakuntala Devi (1939–), and Terrence Tao (1975–), among others. Many of these prodigies were known for ...

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