Intelligence testing is a method of assessing a person's intellectual abilities. It has been used within education since Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon developed the first broadly used test for the identification of students with mental retardation in France. Preceding this work, psychologists and statisticians pioneered the development of these tests, with significant and influential work done in the 19th century by scientists such as Francis Galton, Karl Pearson, and James McKeen Cattell. This work strongly influenced the work of intelligence researchers Charles Spearman, Henry Goddard, Robert Yerkes, and David Wechsler, among others, in the early 20th century. All of this work laid the foundations for modern testing, which is used extensively in the identification of giftedness. Intelligence tests are an important piece to the ...

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