Gifted youth with dyslexia are a varied population, as can be seen in the definitions, estimated prevalence, noted characteristics, and recommended identification, programming, and advocacy approaches for this group. Each of these aspects of dyslexia in relation to gifted youth is discussed in this entry.


Dyslexia, like giftedness, can be defined in various ways. Some definitions are specific to dyslexia, whereas others describe the condition as one of a broader set of challenges called learning disabilities. Medical definitions, like those of many optometrists and the International Dyslexia Association, define dyslexia specifically as a set of severe, intrinsic, lifelong, perceptual, memory, and organizational problems that often underlie significant reading, writing, and other language-based challenges. By contrast, definitions by advocacy groups, psychologists, and educators tend to focus, ...

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