Auke Tellegen and Gilbert Atkinson defined absorption as a disposition for total attention that fully engages one's representational (i.e., perceptual, enactive, imaginative, and ideational) resources. In addition, Tellegen and Atkinson believed that this sort of unique focus resulted in a new sense of the reality of an object of attention, an imperviousness to distraction, and an altered state of reality. In order to assess the different qualities of the absorption, Tellegen and Atkinson developed the Tellegen Absorption Scale (TAS) in 1974. Later, the TAS was revised by Tellegen twice, once in 1982 and again in 1992.

Absorption, both directly and indirectly, has been linked to creativity, giftedness, and talent. When looking at creativity, hypnotizability, and absorption, Jessica Manmiller, V. K. Kumar, and Ronald Pekala found creative ...

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