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In its broadest sense, geostatistics is statistics applied to geographic phenomena, with the prefix geo coming from the Greek ge (γη) or gaea (γαi α), meaning “earth.” For customary and historical reasons, its meaning is restricted to certain kinds of description and estimation methods that take advantage of the spatial dependence of such phenomena. Therefore, it can be considered a special kind of spatial statistics that deals with parameters that vary on or within the earth. Parameters include any imaginable quantity, such as the mineral concentration of rock, sea surface temperature, density of plants, snow depth, number of beetles, height of the terrain above sea level, density of particles within the atmosphere, or even the incidence of disease. The parameters are spatially continuous; that is, ...

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