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Geoparsing is the process of identifying geographic references in text and linking geospatial locations to these references so that the text can be accessed through spatial retrieval methods and suitable for spatial analysis. Geoparsing is used to add geospatial locations to written text, oral discourse, and legacy scientific data where referencing to location was done with placename references only. Applications include the processing of enterprise technical documents, intelligence surveillance, and unlocking a treasure trove of biological specimen and observation data heretofore not suitable for geospatial analysis.

The process, also known as toponym resolution, is based on linguistic analysis of text strings, looking for proper names in a context that indicates the likelihood that the name is a placename. For example, the capitalized word Cleveland can be ...

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