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Geocoding is a process to find the mathematical representation of the location of a geographic feature, such as a street address, a street intersection, a postcode, a place, a point of interest, a street light, a bus stop, a tree, or a photograph, so that the feature can be mapped and spatially analyzed on geographic information systems. The most common form of geocoding is address geocoding, which is often somewhat incorrectly referred to as address matching. The mathematical representation of a location can be a pair of geographic coordinates (longitude/latitude) or a set of map projection coordinates, such as Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), or a code, such as a Universal Address. The common property of these mathematical representations is that they are mathematically equivalent (i.e., ...

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