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Fragmentation can be defined as a landscape process involving the disruption of habitat continuity and connectivity, and because fragmentation is a spatially explicit process, it is best or most easily examined using GIS. Fragmentation, or habitat fragmentation, has become a standard label used by conservation biologists in characterizing human-induced ecological degradation of the environment, despite the fact that the notion of fragmentation is conceptually ambiguous. It mixes together several different but often confounded ecological processes, chief among them reduction in habitat area and change in habitat configuration. Furthermore, as all natural environments are “fragmented” to a variable degree, both spatially and temporally, the assessment of human-caused fragmentation is not straightforward.


According to the dictionary, the term fragmentation means “the breaking apart or up into pieces.” It ...

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