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The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) defines standards as documented agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for their purpose. In our increasingly globalized economy, efficient and effective management of complex heterogeneous information from multiple sources calls for development of a common framework to interconnect the participating organizations with information technology (IT). Increasingly available distributed computing technology has enabled the challenging but necessary task of building information systems that can share distributed and heterogeneous data sources from multiple jurisdictions and different information infrastructures. One of the main challenges facing geospatial experts is to build geographic information systems (GIS) and other information systems ...

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