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Cartography is the field of study devoted to maps and mapping. It includes any activity in which the creation, presentation, and use of maps is of basic concern. Cartographers deal with the collection and compilation of geographical data for a map, along with the design and production of all types of maps, including charts, plans, atlases, and globes. In a broader sense, cartography encompasses studying how people use and gain knowledge from maps, teaching the skills of map use, investigating the history of cartography, and maintaining map collections. The graphic representation of the spatial environment that we call a map is the intellectual object that unites these aspects of cartography.

Cartographers are concerned with portraying a selective and simplified representation of an area on the ...

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