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A cadastre is here defined as a parcel-based and official geographical information system that renders identification and attributes of the parcels of a jurisdiction. A jurisdiction is a named area in which the same statute law applies, for example, a country or one of the German Länder or a state within the United States. Likewise, a parcel is a named and contiguous piece of land of uniform ownership. This definition of cadastre bypasses the fact that persons are involved. Information on persons is recorded to describe their rights in land as owners, mortgagees, or holders of other rights. The cadastre thus reflects relations among people in their interactions with land and also the change in these relations, for example, in case of sale, inheritance, or ...

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