Population Pyramid

Except for total size, the most important demographic feature of a population is its age-sex structure. The age-sex structure affects the needs of a population as well as the supply of labor; therefore, it has significant policy implications. A rapidly growing population implies a high proportion of young people under the working age. A youthful population also puts a burden on the education system. When this cohort enters the working ages, a rapid increase in jobs is needed to accommodate it. In contrast, countries with a large proportion of older people must develop retirement systems and medical facilities to serve them. Therefore, as a population ages, its needs change from schools to jobs to medical care.

Figure 1 Population pyramids for developing countries typically exhibit ...

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