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Population Geography

  • By: Ezekiel Kalipeni
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Population geography asks two basic questions about the distribution of people, namely, “Where?” and “Why there?” In other words, population geography is specifically concerned with the geographic distribution of people, their composition in terms of age and gender, and the three main processes that determine an area's population growth, namely, fertility, mortality, and migration. While the boundary between population geography and demography has become blurred, population geographers contribute significantly to population studies and/ or demography in their own unique way by offering a geographic perspective to the study of population.

While demographers measure and analyze demographic data with an emphasis on time, historians trace the evolution over time of such data, and sociologists seek the causes of the trends in demographic analysis and their repercussions on ...

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