Landform is a generic term that describes the shape or form of a particular landscape. Landforms vary widely in shape and scale and are largely classified by the processes that lead to the development of each type of landform. In general, landforms are created by a combination of plate tectonics and erosion. Not only is plate tectonics responsible for producing mountains and volcanoes, but the apparent lack of tectonic activity can also lead to the formation of vast plains and low-relief landforms. No matter what the tectonic setting of a particular place may be, all landforms are directly shaped and influenced by erosion. It is the combination of the tectonic setting and the dominant type of erosion that leads to the primary classifications of landforms.

Classification ...

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