Herodotus(ca. 484-ca. 425 BC)

Herodotus (born in Halicarnassus, ca. 484 BC; died in Thurii, ca. 425 BC) was a Greek historian and geographer. His value in the history of geography is related essentially to his focus on ethnicity. His hometown had frequent relations with the so-called barbarian world, and that, together with his extensive travels, especially through the lands of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, contributed to developing his great curiosity about different countries and allowed him to come in contact with various populations, their traditions, and their customs.

His work The Histories provides considerable interesting geographic and cultural information, and for this reason, Herodotus has been described as the father of ethnography as well as the father of history. Among the topics dealt with in his ...

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