GIS in Environmental Management

Since the early 1970s, geographic information systems (GIS) have been used extensively in environmental management using spatially intensive and extensive databases in an integrated manner. The geographic database includes the collection of samples that are truly representative of any large irregular regions. These samples are turned into useful information to monitor environment that might otherwise be invisible. GIS works on the principle that by bringing together geographic data from different sources and using them in an integrated manner, proper communication among the public and policymakers becomes possible, enabling them to engage in complex environmental decision making. Simply put, GIS bridges the gap between the hard and soft sciences in environmental decision making. It plays a vital role in data validation, digital data transfer standards, and ...

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