Communism, the political and economic regime characterized by a command economy and singleparty rule dominated by the members of the Communist Party, wrought significant effects on the cultural, urban, economic, and physical geography of communist-ruled states in both Europe and Asia. While there are differences between the way communist goals were pursued in the Soviet Union after World War I and in Eastern Europe and Asia in the second half of the 20th century, there are a number of commonalities. Because of the control exercised by the Party, communist countries were able to be single-minded in their pursuit of goals, as exemplified by the proliferation of Five Year Plans, especially in the areas of industrialization, agricultural restructuring, and urban morphology.


One of the most striking aspects ...

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