Climatology is one of the primary subdisciplines of physical geography, along with biogeography and geomorphology. Climatology is the scientific study of the world's vast and ever-changing climate systems through time. The spatial nature of the discipline makes it unique to geography, though it is very much an interdisciplinary field of study that often integrates information from related sciences (e.g., meteorology, oceanography, ecology, anthropology, and geology) to understand climate variability and its impacts on Earth and human systems. Within the field, climate is investigated on a range of timescales, generally from decades to centuries. This is why it is often regarded as the long-term study of weather in which statistical patterns of weather phenomena can be detected. In many ways, the study of climate is more ...

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