Time-geography refers to a set of concepts and a way of thinking that offer a notational system to describe and analyze individuals’ and populations’ existence, coexistence, constraints, and conflicts in time-space. The time-geographic approach was originally presented in the late 1960s by Torsten Hägerstrand, a well-known professor of human geography at Lund University, Sweden. Time-geography captures complex processes of change on different scales in time and space and is therefore useful for analyzing various topics and problems.

The time-geographic lines of thought are directly linked to Hägerstrand's experiences as the son of an elementary schoolteacher who sought to impart “knowledge about their home district.” Hägerstrand found the prevailing academic thinking, which grouped phenomena according to their degree of similarity, to be deficient; his alternative approach was ...

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