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(b. 1917, d. 1995). Graduate 1939, Yale University; M.D., Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Chalmers worked as a physician, studying liver disease at Harvard University and Tufts University Medical School from 1947 to 1968. He also worked with the Veterans Administration in Washington, DC, and served as director of the Clinical Center at the National Institutes of Health. From 1973 to 1983, Chalmers was President of Mount Sinai Medical Center and Dean of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, where he founded the Department of Biostatistics.

Chalmers' primary contribution to the field of evaluation was in the application of randomized field trials and meta-analysis in clinical settings and in medical schools. One of his last efforts was to incorporate more evidence and probability theory and general ...

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