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Evaluation utilization (or evaluation use) refers to the way that evaluations and information from evaluations affect the programs on which evaluations are conducted. Were progressive changes made in a program as a consequence of an evaluation? Did an evaluation generate a new understanding of or a modification of beliefs about the program or aspects of the program?

The concern for evaluation utilization initially developed in the United States during the 1960s. There were many reasons for this, including the enormous growth in demand in these years for evaluations to be conducted. Major social programs were initiated that often mandated end-of-year evaluation reports. The subsequent rush to evaluate attracted many researchers who lacked awareness of the distinctions between research and evaluation and who failed to understand properly ...

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